As a new legislative session begins in Mississippi, one of the hot topics will be education. Bills will be filed and proposals made to “improve” our “abysmal failure” of a public school system.
But are our schools really such a failure?
Admittedly, we can improve as educators and work to making our schools better, but to those who constantly hammer on our public schools as being worse than ever before, I’d like to make a few points.
In 1990 (the year I graduated from a Mississippi public school), students may have taken an Achievement test as a diagnostic tool, but it wasn’t tied into any Accountability system. The graduation rate in Mississippi was around 61%. And we only needed 18 credits in the following:
— four English
— two Social Studies
— two Mathematics
— two Science
— eight Electives
The “exit exam” was the Functional Literacy Exam (FLE), which only tested students on basic Reading, Grammar, and Mathematics.
If a child attended a Mississippi Kindergarten back then, the focus was on Total Person learning (emotionally, socially, physically, and intellectually). Teachers realized these children went through similar stages, but at individual rates and structured goals accordingly. Learning focused on the senses, attitudes, emotions, environment, and interactions. Mostly, it focused on learning through play and the social skills that also developed.
And teachers were the classroom expert and made the decision on whether or not students progressed to the next grade, based on the students’ mastery of the curriculum.
Nearly three decades later, schools and teachers are rated based on student proficiency on standardized tests. For years, these tests were the Mississippi Curriculum Test (and it’s revision as MCT2), but last year Mississippi students in grades 3-8 took the Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) assessment based on Mississippi’s College and Career Readiness State Standards (simply Common Core revised). Next year, students will take the Mississippi Assessment Program (MAP) exam, the third change in tests in three years.
Now, regardless of how students perform in 3rd grade, they must also pass a Reading Gate test to be promoted to 4th grade because teachers were accused of “socially promoting” students. (Incidentally, 92% of Mississippi students passed this test last year).
Today, in order to graduate from a public school a Mississippi student must have a minimum of 24 credits in the following:
— four English (must be English I-IV)
— four Social Studies (must include World History, US History, MS Studies, Geography, US Government, and Economics)
— four Mathematics (must include Algebra I and Geometry)
— four Science (must include Biology I and either Chemistry or Physical Science)
— one Health/PE
— one Business/Technology (must include an Information and Communications Technology (ICT) II; Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM); or Foundations course)
— one Art
— five Electives.
Even then, the student must also pass the Subject Area Test for Algebra I, Biology I, English II, and US History (or meet a convoluted combination of scores and grades).
Despite this, Mississippi’s graduation rate is almost 76% — about 15% higher than in 1990.
And now when students enter Kindergarten they are given a Readiness Test within the first few weeks of school, based on what Four-Year-Olds should know, including:
— Informational Text
— Skills in Print Concepts, Phonological Awareness, and Fluency
— Text Types and Purposes
— Production and Distribution of Writing
— Comprehension and Collaboration
— Presentation of Knowledge and Ideas
— Conversations in Standard English
— Vocabulary Acquisition and Usage
— Counting and Comparing Numbers
— Operations and Algebraic Thinking
— Measure, Compare, and Classify Objects
— Geometry (Knowledge of Shapes)
And because we do not have universal Pre-K in Mississippi, it is not surprising that less than 35% of students arrive “ready” for Kindergarten .
And even if Mississippi schools and teachers are able to meet these increased standards, are able to overcome the over 34% of children in Mississippi living in poverty, and are able to meet the proficiency levels dictated, by state law, standards are to be increased whenever 75% of Mississippi students score proficient or 65% of Mississippi schools or districts rate a B or better.
So as schools improve, the bar is raised.
So, yes, schools may be falling short of the expectations placed on them today. But when compared to schools of decades ago, we have come a long way.
And maybe instead of scorn, teachers should be held in much higher esteem for what they accomplish.
Shannon Eubanks is the Principal of Enterprise Attendance Center, a K-12 school in Lincoln County, Mississippi